Although common for all cat, dominated mostly in shelters, stray cats and colonies in homes with multiple cats. These diseases are transmitted by air or contact with secretions and are highly contagious. Failure to separate the sick cat until it heals leads to the spread of all cats around creating a vicious circle difficult to control.
It is caused by feline herpes virus 1 (feline herpesvirus type 1 or FHV-1 in English). It most often strikes the kittens and senior because their strengths are not as strong, as well as cats living in shelters or colonies realengos.
Once your cat is infected, it will have for the rest of your life.
Symptoms: sneezing, eye and nose secretions, conjunctivitis, fever, loss of appetite, depression, ulcers in the mouth and tongue, pneumonia
How is it spread? A cat infected but with no active virus means that the cat is a carrier but not spread to any other. However if the cat is going through an episode of active virus can infect any cat through saliva or nose, eat the same dish, use the same sandbox or sleeping area, etc.
The virus affects the nose, eyes, throat and mouth causing inflammation and fever. Because your nose contains secretions can not smell your food so you lose your appetite, leading to dehydration and anorexia.
The virus for pregnant cats have as consequences the spread of unborn kittens or natural abortion of them.
The first episode is stronger and can last 2 to 3 weeks. If your cat is in good health you will probably recover smoothly and your chances of virus attack again are minimal.
Stress is an element that activates the virus. It is for this reason that cats living in stressful situations like living in shelters or colonies on the street where they have to fight for territory, pregnancy, even when you’re traveling and leave home alone are more susceptible to infection and more episodes.
How is it diagnosed? The veterinarian examines the cat and take blood samples to see if you have the virus. But as with humans, if the virus at that time is not active, the result will be negative but actually the cat has been infected.
The most important step is to take it as soon as you see any of the symptoms listed.
Although there is no cure for feline herpes, a healthy cat can live in peace with the virus and enjoy a long life.
Prevention and treatment: To prevent contagion it is best to have up to date with their shots. Also if you bring a new cat into your home, make sure you are vaccinated and in good health. Finally, make it easy life (as if the pass too bad!), Stress activates the virus.
NOTE: The rhinotracheitis virus is not transmitted to humans.
Causing 80% of respiratory diseases in the Pussycats. And the worst is that they can work together with other like rhinotracheitis virus. Feline herpes and calicivirus affect the throat, eyes, nose and mouth.
Like the rhinotracheitis, babies kittens, senior cats and cats living in colonies or shelters are at greater risk of infection because of weakness or stress. But a healthy cat that lives inside your home is less likely to get any of these viruses.
Symptoms: There are different kinds of calicivirus and each affects different and smaller or larger areas. But their normal symptoms are similar to our regular cold: sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, fever and pneumonia. Ulcers in the throat and tongue are common symptoms.
How is it spread? By contact with secretions of a sick cat. Also by food and water dishes. The calicivirus is resistant to many disinfectants and can live in the environment for long periods of time.
Your cat can be a carrier for years without showing symptoms. This means you can infect other cats around.
Prevention and treatment: The official prevention is the vaccine. Vaccinating your kitten against diseases like this since childhood helps prevent infection. Some veterinarians recommend vaccinations to strengthen 3 years, but there is much controversy with this issue because many cats create tumors in the area where the reinforcement is injected. Check with your veterinarian to determine the best procedure to follow.
However if your cat is sick with the virus and is being treated, help him to feel better. Clean your face with a damp towel and remove secretions from the eyes and nose relieves (you know very well as detests being dirty) plus you can smell their food more easily. If you are suffering from mouth ulcers, can give food to make it less painful and easier to swallow. If your cat refuses to eat, take him to the vet before they become dehydrated or get to anorexia.